French and Indian War

French and Indian War

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  • The Relationships Between the Natives and the French
  • The Cause of the Ohio River Valley
  • The Spark in the Battle of Fort Necessity
  • The French always had great respect for the natives and their beliefs, befriend them, shared land, and had a major fur trade network relationship. Unlike the French, the British tried to take over the land and captured the natives as slaves. This would explain why most natives allied with the French against the British. 
  • The River Strategy
  • Both French and British did want their certain claimed land in the Ohio River Valley.  A Native American tribe called the Iroquois allied with the British for two reasons: 1) their long enemies the Hurons and the Algonquian sided with the French, and 2) some tribe members had no good relationships with the French. In the end, the French had larger numbers. 
  • The British Campaign
  • The first battle that sparked the great uprise was the Battle of Fort Necessity. The French started to build forts throughout the O.R.V. and dominate the region. The British disliked this and sent General George Washington to warn the French, but the French refused. The French started to attack but Washington surrendered. 
  • Results
  • During the Battle of Quebec, the British cut off the French's access to the St. Lawrence River. Due to this loss, the French cut short on food, ammunition, and soldiers. However, the French did gain land along the Ohio River Valley and started to build forts along the river. 
  • The British quickly started to gain control. The last battle was the Battle of Montreal, where British captured Montreal and letters were signed to finish the surrender of Canada. Shortly after, British raised their flag over Detroit, effectively ending the war. British regained peace with Indians. 
  • In February of 1763, statesman like John ADams, Ben Franklin, and John Ray, along with rulers of Great Britain, signed the Treaty of Paris, ending the French and Indian War. With this, all land east of the Mississippi and parts of Canada are given to Great Britain and all land west is given to Spain. 
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