In the 1600's, the Manchu people of northern China began to unite against the Ming dynasty. Then in 1644 they finally conquered the Ming dynasty.
In 1683, the Qing Dynasty included all of China. At first, the Manchu maintained order through harsh discipline. Anyone who was suspected of treason was executed. They later restored much of the Ming government including the civil service exams, but it was only for the Machu to hold high offices. For around 150 years, China experienced growth and peace under Qing.
Under the Qing Dynasty, China remained isolated from the outside world. They traded items such as tea and silver. However, they had to do little else with foreign ambassadors were not allowed to head to the Chinese capital. In order for the Chinese to keep out Europe influences, Christianity was outlawed in the 1800's.
There were three main philosophies followed by the Chinese during the Qing; Taoism, Confucianism, and Buddhism. The leaders of the Qing would strongly follow Buddhism. Art flourished under Qing including painting, sculpture, poetry, opera, and porcelain.
In the 1800's, the British began selling Opium in China, which became illegal after many Chinese were addicted to the drug. Consequentially, after the British kept selling the drug, the Chinese boarded British ships and dumped their opium into the ocean and war brake out. With the help of the British ships, Britain defeated China in both Opium Wars. The British later gained control of Hong Kong, causing the legalization of Christianity
In the early 1900's, the Qing Dynasty began to break up. Lots of natural disasters, a war against Japan, and internal rebellions all led to famine and a poor economy. Finally, in 1911, a group of revolutionaries overthrew the Qing government. and in 1912, the last emperor, a six-year-old boy named Puyi, officially gave up his throne, and the Republic of China took over