After returning home, Odysseus disguises himself as a beggar and goes to the home of a faithful servant, his swineherd, Eumaeus.
Meeting the Suitors
Telemachus comes to Eumaeus' home and Odysseus reveals that he is Telemachus' father. Odysseus tells Telemachus to return home, pretend not to know the beggar, and lock up Odysseus' weapons and armor. Odysseus and Eumaeus will follow later.
Odysseus return to his house and sees his old dog, Argos, laying a pile of dung, forgotten and neglected. Argos tries to lift his head to greet his master, but he is too weak to raise his head.
Winning the Contest
Odysseus meets the suitors when he enters his house. They mock and abuse him. Odysseus realizes that Antinous and Eurymachus are two of the rudest suitors.
Penelope proposes an archery contest for the suitors with marriage to her as the prize. The suitors must string Odysseus' bow and shoot an arrow through 12 axeheads.
Odysseus, still dressed as a beggar, asks to try stringing the bow. The suitors are afraid that the beggar will show them up, so they refuse, but Telemachus orders that the bow be given to Odysseus. Odysseus easily strings the bow and shoots an arrow through the axeheads. (Could not continue)