Geography and Early Development of Rome

Geography and Early Development of Rome

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  • Geography and Location of Rome
  • Myth of Romulus and Remus
  • Influence of Etruscan Engineering
  • Rome is located in Italy, which is a peninsula and a collection of islands. Italy is located in southern Europe and is shaped like a boot.
  • Influence of Etruscan Sports
  • Long ago, a princess gave birth to twin sons, Romulus and Remus. The princess's uncle who was the king was afraid that the boys would grow up to take his throne, so he decided to drown them in the Tiber River. However, before the boys drowned, they were saved by a wolf. As they grew up, they constructed a town on the banks of the Tiber River. They fought over who could rule the new settlement, then Romulus killed Remus and named the city Rome.
  • Influence of Greek Architecture
  • The Romans adopted the cuniculus from the Etruscans and used it to irrigate land. They also used them to drain swamps and to carry water to their cities. The Romans also used arches to build huge public works, including bridges, stadiums, and aqueducts to carry water over long distance.
  • Influence of Greek Art, Religion, and Writing
  • Romans enjoyed watching various sporting events. Two mains events included chariot racing and slave fighting. In chariot racing, chariots could overturn, causing the charioteers to either be ran over by the chariot wheels, or be trampled by the horses. In slave fighting, gladiators would either fight each other or animals.
  • Romans were heavily influenced by the Greeks for their architecture, and used designs such as columns in their buildings. Romans also utilized concrete in their buildings, and were able to build larger structures like the Parthenon.
  • Romans used a modified Etruscan alphabet, which was an adaptation of the Greek alphabet.  Roman sculptors and painters used Greek art as a model, but their figures were more realistic. The Romans also made Greek gods as their own, but gave them Roman names.
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