Copernicu's had the helicoentric theory. The Helicoentric theory was how the earth rotates around the sun and that the world was not indeed a square and it was a sphere.
The Scientific Method.
Galileo offered support to the helicoentric theory with his experiments concerning motion and his observation of space with use of the telescope.
Church and Scientific Revolution
GET OUT OF MY CHURCH!!!
Newton's law of gravity furthered the laws of motion and continued the challenge of the old theorys.
Francis Bacon discovered The Scientific Method and was a major contribution of this time period, establishing systemetric way to find proof using reason.
Scientist began to question ancient and the orthodox teachings of the Roman Catholic Church. These Scientist began using reason or logical instead of placing there beliefs in faiths and demanding proof of evidence.
All of these challenges to the authority inspired the philosophers then to begin using reason to apply i tot the political environment in Europe