Imperialism was a huge effect to China. Britian and China had an Optium War which Briish won due to the weapons they had.
Europeans used a a power called sphere of influence to prevent problem with others while trading. The sphere was also used with the united states so that they can claim Latin America.
The Western African were Elites were well educated and would move up in class. The ottomans were falling apart and pashas made it even worse for the ottomans.
In every culture there are different processes you d when you have a death. In the hindu 's they do a process called sati. Sepoys are part of the Hindu culture and they apart of the sati. I the woman would join the her dead husband by throwing herself on his funeral fire.
The British was viceroy by a queen. The British was trying to combine with the Indians and they wanted to have more farming land when they were clearing the land it was called deforestation.
China loved the trade surplus because that would mean more good for them. Thats wonderful but not until you get a trade deficit and you buy more than you are selling.