After a battle between the U.S. and the Creek, the U.S. made a treaty that made the Creek give them 22 million acres of land on the U.S. behalf.
Indian Removal Act
Forget those treaties; this is our land now.
One tribe, the Cherokee, really wanted to keep their land, so they agreed to assimilate Eurpean ways of life. They wore European clothing, made their own language, even wrote their own constitution and established the Cherokee Nation.
Worecester v. Georgia supreme court case
Andrew Jackson established treaties allowing them to stay on their land, until gold was discovered in the valuable territory in 1828. Jackson imediantly established an act that would kick them out of their hard-earned land.
Trail of Tears & Indian Territory
In 1830, Jackson took a big step forward and created the Indian Removal Act. It stated that the government had to peacefully negotiate with the Natives to remove them from their land, but Jackson ignored this policy. Many people disliked this act and believed it was unfair and dangerous for the Natives.
The Cherokee tribe had tried so long to keep their land, that they weren’t going to give up easily, but rather than starting a war, they attempted to settle things more peacefully with a Supreme Court trial as a way to show the Americans that they were assimilated. Chief Justice, John Marshall supported the Cherokee in this case and stated that they had a right to the land, but Jackson broke his Oath of Office and kicked them out anyways.
Since the Cherokee were kicked from their land, they were forced on the Trail of Tears, named because of the hard labors the Natives experienced on it. They were moved to Oaklahoma which was then called Indian Territory. They were forced to march by American soldiers. Thousands died because of the brutal hardships.