5,289 Total Casualties Union : 3,798 Confederates : 1,491
July 30, 1984
Robert E. Lee
The Battle of The Crater was a part of the Siege on Vicksburg. The Battle took place on July 30, 1864. This battle was an unusual attempt from the Union's Forces to break Confederate defenses. The attempt however was not so successful.
By Ben Kensington
The Battle of The Crater had two leaders for the two sides. The North had Ambrose Burnside. The South had Robert E. Lee. Burnside was a part of a Union line held against the Confederates.
At the current point in time, Burnside and his men were in a stalemate with the Confederates. A group of Pennsylvanian miners suggested filling the mines with explosives to blow underneath them for a surprise attack. Burnside followed through with this plan. This however did not work out so well.
Burnside and the miners used up to 8,000 pounds of gunpowder in the tunnels. he were to blow the Confederates up from under the tunnels, which he did. Confederate lines were utterly destroyed as Burnsides men charged them. However, by miracle the Confederates quickly recovered and launched a counterattack and won. This counterattack was lead by General William Mahone.
The battle took place in Petersburg, Virginia. Explosives were used to blow the tunnels under Confederate lines. The area was a vast amount of valleys. It was like trench warfare at the time. Once the explosions were finished, the field became essentially a crater.
The Confederates won by insane luck and miracle. However, the entire battle didn't end there and for eight months both sides settled for trench warfare. Burnside was relieved of his place in command after the initial attack ended. This battle entirely ruined the Unions pride. People who surrendered were killed anyways.