The battle of Fort Sumter was the bombardment of Fort Sumter near Charleston, SC by the Confederates States Army and the return gunfire and surrender by the United States Army. Although no casualties were reported, this battle was the start of the most cruel, and bloody war.
Battle of Antietam September 17th 1862
Union general Irvin McDowell and 30,000 troops invaded Manassas, Virginia. Confederate General Jackson and Beauregard resisted the Union advance and were reinforced by General Johnston's brigade of 6,000. A demoralized blow to Unions who were hoping for a short war. 3,000 Union casualties, 1,750 confederate casualties. Confederate victory.
Battle of Fredericksburg December 11-15, 1862
After taking Forts Henry and Donelson Union forces under Ulysses S Grant were eager to take Central Mississippi River ports. Southern forces collapsed along the Memphis to Charleston road. Southern forces feared Union advantages and attacked Union forces at Shiloh Church. Confederate forces were driven back to Corinth MS. Very deadly battle ends in Union victory. Over 23,000 casualties.
Battle of Gettysburg July 1-3, 1863
Antietam occurred at Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg Maryland. Tactically inclusive; Union strategic victory, Emancipation Proclamation was issued 5 days later. Over 23,000 casualties, estimated 3,650 dead. Thousands of dead bodies sprawled on the battlefield.
The battle of Fredericksburg saw more troops engaged than any other Civil War battle. It was fought in and around Fredericksburg, Virginia. It also involved the first major opposed river crossing. With a confederate win, there were 12,700 Union casualties, and 5,300 confederate casualties.
The battle of Gettysburg was a Union victory that stopped confederate general Robert E Lee's second invasion of the north. More that 50,000 men fell as casualties during the 3 day battle, making it the bloodiest battle of the American Civil War. Resulted in the Gettysburg Address delivered by Abraham Lincoln.