Civil War Timeline

Civil War Timeline

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  • Fort Sumter- April 12-13, 1861
  • The First Battle of Bull Run - July 21, 1861
  • The Battle of Shiloh - April 6-7, 1861
  • Fort Sumter was the start of the Civil War. The fort was under construction when it was attacked by the Union. After 34 hours of fighting the confederate fort surrenders.
  • The Battle of Antietam - September 17, 1862
  • The First Battle of Bull Run was the first major battle. It took place not far from Washington D.C. and some civilians came to watch the battle. The Union general, McDowell, knew the troops weren't ready but Lincoln told him to fight. The Union and Confederacy met at Bull Run and the Union experienced a defeat. This showed the Union that the war would not be over quickly and easily. 
  • Battle of Gettysburg - July 1-3, 1863
  • The Battle of Shiloh was an important battle and was won by the Union with a high price. The Confederates surprised the Union troops in the early morning. The Confederates pushed the Union back until the Union general, Grant, decided to hold a area and it was called a "Hornet's Nest". The Confederate general is killed the first day of the battle and a replacement is found. The next day the Confederates surrender and the Union wins with 13,047 casualties.
  • Battle of Chickamauga - September 19-20, 1863
  • The Battle of Antietam was the deadliest one day battle. Two Union soldiers found a paper with the Confederate plans. With this paper they knew where the army would be going. At one point in the battle only 500 Confederate soldiers were holding off the Union troops, who were double their size in numbers. In the end, 3,650 were dead and the Union General, McClellan let the Confederates retreat and the Union won. 
  • The Battle of Gettysburg was the turning point of the Civil War and hid the largest amount of casualties. General Lee was happy as they were about to invade the north. Even though the north had lost man soldiers they fought Lee back and stopped his invasion. At the conclusion of this battle, the Gettysburg Address was written and the purpose of the war was redefined.
  • The Battle of Chickamauga was fought on the Chattanooga River between the Army of Tennessee led by General Bragg and the Union Army led by General Rosecrans. After much loss the Army of Tennessee won. After the battle was fought, the Army of Tennessee was too injured to go and help another troop. This allowed another Union army to retreat to Chattanooga without a fight.
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