Cortes sailed for the coast of Yucatán on February 18, 1519, he had 11 ships, 508 soldiers, about 100 sailors, and—most important—16 horses.
In March 1519, he landed in Tabasco, where he stayed for a while to obtain intelligence from local Indians. He won their support and received gifts from them, including 20 women, one of whom Marina ("Malinche") became his mistress and translator, and gave him a son Martin.
Cortés sailed to another place in southeastern Mexico and established Veracruz, which was mainly elected by his own soldiers as captain and chief justice, thus becoming a citizen and thus becoming a Wei The authority of Velázquez.
On the mainland, the Cortes did not do what other leaders of the expedition had done: he trained and trained the army and organized it into a cohesive force. However, when he sank the ship, his final expression of determination to resolve his dissatisfaction appeared. Through this single action, he survived himself and all his strength through conquest.
Cortes then travelled to the interior of Mexico, sometimes relying on force, sometimes relying on friendly care for local Indians, but always to keep conflict with them to a minimum.
The key to Cortes ’s subsequent conquest was the political crisis within the Aztec empire; the Aztecs were deeply dissatisfied with the many subject people who had to pay tribute to them.