During the Cold War, about 2 million Afghans were killed. In comparison, only about 15,000 Soviets were killed. Of the 2 million at least 5,000 were civilians.
December 21, 1991 was the last day that the Soviet flag flew. The collapse of the USSR happened mostly due to the reforms implemented by Gorbachev. The falling of the USSR also caused the collapse of communism, causing Afghanistan to become a capitalist country.
The Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in an attempt to prop up their communist government. Afghanistan was already being invaded by Muslim Mujaheddin fighters. Without their support, this caused a rift between Afghanistan and America. This lead to the boycott of the 1980 olympics.
December 21, 1991 was the last day that the Soviet flag flew. It fell from the reforms that Gorbachev implemented. Towards the end, the only of their 15 republics was Kazakhstan. With the fall of the USSR, also came the fall of communism. This caused Afghanistan to become capitalist.
The rise of the Taliban began after the soviets withdrew from Afghanistan. The group initially emerged from the southern city of Kandanar. They had many plans and one of them involved threats towards Kabul.
The Soviet Afghan war began after the soviets sent thousands of troops into Afghanistan. Soviets immediately assumed complete military and political control of the country.They invaded in hopes to keep Afghanistan from becoming capitalist again.