This war was mostly at sea, which was to the benefit of Carthage. However, Rome played to the strengths of their army by hooking enemy ships and boarding them with their soldiers. As a result, Rome won the first Punic War and gained control of Scicily.
First Punic War-264-241
We have the strongest navy, you can't defeat us!
We can change this battle to use our strengths!
Carthage attacks Roman soldiers bin many intense battles. The Romans go to Carthage and the opposition is forced to leave Italy to protect their city. However, they are defeated by Rome, and sign a treaty, giving up control of Spain and a large sum of money.
Why are we fleeing?
This is no surrender, we must draw them away from Rome and attack their city!
Second Punic War-219-201
After the second Punic War, Carthage was in ruin, but they began to rebuild their city and became a threat to Roman rule. The Romans demanded that they move their city inland to Africa, but after refusing, Rome attacked Carthage.
We demand that you move Carthage inland to Africa!
After we left Carthage in ruins, you have grown stronger.
Third Punic War-219
No way! Our power is by the sea!
Rome easily wins the Third Punic War over the defenseless Carthage. Everything of value is brought back to Rome, while all else is burned. The population of the city is sold into slavery.
Third Punic War-146
We gave them the chance to surrender. Now we will take their city by force!
We must extinguish this threat! Are you with me?
Effects on Rome: - Gained control of most of the Mediterranean world - Rome became an empire - They now went into a time of peace and had time for things like literature and the arts - Increased wealth Effects on Carthage: - The population was sold into slavery - The city completely disappeared after being burned to the ground