The Romans created Rome a republic. They wanted to be able to elect their leaders.
I am Julius Caesar.
The senate started making laws and taxes. There was 300 members , later the government officials wrote down the laws on the 12 tables.
In the 3rd century Rome expanded because the Romans conquered the Italian peninsula and began to make use in the Mediterranean world. In the Punic Wars Rome defeated Carthage and began to rule in the Mediterranean.
After the Punic Wars Rome took control new territories and gained great Wealth. One of the generals name was Julias Caesar.
Julius Caesar was named dictator because he took advantage of the chaos in Rome. Julius began a series of reforms that offered Roman citizenship and created new jobs. Senators feared Caesar's popularity. Senators assassinated Julius Caesar. The assassination led to another Civil war and people no longer trusted the senate.
Octavian emerged as the unchallenged leader of Rome and he was given the title Augustus. He became Rome's first emperor. Rome was ruled as an empire.