"These are the times that try men’s souls; the summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of his country; but he that stands it now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman. Tyranny, like hell, is not easily conquered; yet we have this consolation with us, that the harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph."
The victory at the Battle of Saratoga was the turning point in the war for the Continental Army. Their victory convinced France to join the war with them.
France and Spain sent in some more supplies.
Yay! Now we can win the war!
Valley Forge was the camp that the Continental Army stayed at with George Washington during the winter. It was a really harsh environment for the soldiers. Many of them died. Also, the food rations were really low.
Thomas Paine wrote a pamphlet called Common Sense. His pamphlet helped encourage the Continental Armies soldiers to not give up, and to keep fighting.
The American Patriots had a lot of help from other countries. France declared war on Britain and sent money, equipment, and troops to help them. Spain declared war on Britain. Without the help of the French and the Spanish, the American Patriots would have lost the war.
The war changed the lives of all Americans, even those who stayed at home. For example, wives of soldiers had to take care of families by themselves. They had to run a farm or business without a husband's help. Also, children had to make do without a father present.
He's at war right now.
Known Loyalists who stayed in the United States faced difficult times. Their neighbors often shunned them. Some became victims of violence. Loyalists who actively helped the British faced arrest. In a few rare cases, Patriots executed Loyalists.