President Andrew Jackson, a man of the frontier himself, supported the settlers demand for Naitive American land. He had fought the Creek and Seminole people during the War of 1812. In his Inaugural Address, he stated that he intended to move all Native Americans to the Great Plains.
The Cherokee Nation (1832)
As American ______ expanded westward by the 1830s, many Native Americans still lived in the ______ part of the country. The “Five Civilized Tribes” - Cherokee, Creek, Seminole,______, and Choctaw. These tribes had established _______societies with successful _______.
Indian Territory (1834)
In 1830 President _______ pushed the Indian Removal Act through Congress. The act allowed the federal government to ____ Native Americans to move _____. Some ______ ______ refused and most felt they were forced to their lands. .
Trail of tears (1835)
We are moving!
KEEP IT MOVIN!!!!!
The ______ however, refused to give up their land. They ____ the state of Georgia eventually their case reach the ______ _____. In Worcester v. Georgia (1832) Chief Justice John ______ ruled that Georgia had no right to interfere with the Cherokee. President ______ supported Georgia;s efforts to ______ the Cherokee. He declared that he would _____ the Supreme Court.
American settlers wanted to force the ____ _____ to leave their land and move ___ Many Americans settlers believed that the area west of the _______ was dry and seemed unsuitable for farming. They thought that if they moved the ____ _______to that region, the nation’s conflict for land would be over. In 1834 ____ created the Indian Territory, an area in present day Oklahoma that was set aside for the relocation of Native
With 7,000 federal troops, General Winfield Scott threatened to use force if the Cherokee did not leave. Filled with sadness and anger, the Cherokee gave in and the long march to the West began. Around 4,000 Cherokee died from starvation, disease, and exposure to brutal Weather. Their forced journey west became known to the as the Trail of Tears.