Before the Civil War was over, President Abraham Lincoln signed a document known as the Freemen's Bureau.
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There. Now African Americans have some of the rights everyone should be given.
On April 15, 1865, Abraham Lincoln died. He had been assassinated while watching a play.
Andrew Jackson became the new president to take Abraham's place.
He died. I guess you are the new President now.
Meanwhile, in town...
It is no fair the Freedmen's Bureau doesn't allow us to do what we want with former slaves!
Yea!! The Freedmen's Bureau was established BEFORE the war ended!!! It gives the Freedmen WAY TOO many rights!!!! They are able to go to school, have medical care, have a court system, be paid fairly, and the ability to choose who they work for.
DId you hear the President died?
Because the people didn't like the rules they now had to live by, they met with the President in Constitutional Conventions only white men were allowed to attend.
We want you to change the law!
Andrew Johnson and the others at the conventions came up with a solution.
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We decided that African Americans will now have to live under Black Codes.
The Black codes forced African Americans to sign up for labor. The African Americans weren't allowed to recfuse.