We vote for whoever wins the popular vote in our state!
Slaves were considered 3/5 of a white person as far as population was concerned. This compromise allowed for states with slaves to have more population counted for their representation, therefore giving them more power. The states with slaves wanted them to count as a whole white person, but it was compromised that they would simply count as 3/5 because states without slaves felt it was unfair.
More population, more power!
The Electoral College is a compromise that was created due to the new Executive Branch that was not present in the Articles of Confederation. It is made up of representatives that vote for the states based on population. This allows the representatives to pick whatever candidate is most popular in their state while still giving smaller states representation in big elections.
New Jersey + Virginia or Connecticut Compromise
We want seats based on population! (Virginia Plan)
We want seats to be equal between all states! (New Jersey Plan)
The Commerce Compromise was created to appease the South, who didn't want to be taxed on exports, and to appease the North who wanted finished products coming into the country to be taxed in order for foreign competition to not undermine their prices. This Compromise allowed the South to export without being taxed and the North to stay on top of the manufactured product market.
New Jersey Plan
We might be tiny and have barely any people, but we should get the same representation as bigger states like Virginia!
The Virginia Plan appealed to states with a higher population because it gave them more representation. It was also a bicameral legislature with three branches.
As a compromise between the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan, it established a two-house legislature, which it took from the Virginia Plan, but used a dual system of representation to appease both sides of the debate. This meant that in the House of Representatives, the seats would be based on population, while in the Senate all states would simply get two seats.
Let's compromise, we will have two houses. One based on population and one with equal representation.
This plan appealed to smaller states because it gave equal votes for all states and wasn't based on population like the Virginia Plan. The most important idea of this plan that was used in the Connecticut Compromise was that the Federal Government's power should trump the State Government's power.