The Mughal empire weakened and the British East India Company began to rule the area using sepoys.
India's land had a lot of raw material and a market for goods, so the British wanted to use it for trade.
- Education was only for the upper-class Indians.- Women could not work because the British manufactured goods. - Taxes were increased and people's land taken away- British was degrading to Indians and racist
- persuaded Indians to practice passive resistance- encouraged to spin their own clothes to eliminated need for British materials- organized protests: salt tax, famine against unfair treatment to poor Indians- did not support Britain until granted independence.