Battle of Fort Sumter (April 12, 1861~April 13, 1861)
First Battle of Bull Run ( July 21, 1861)
Battle of Ironclads (March 8, 1862~ March 9, 1862)
The Battle of Fort Sumter was the first battle of the Civil War. Major General Richard Anderson's troops went from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter. Richard Anderson refused to surrender. So the Confederate forces start firing at Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861 and Major General Richard Anderson surrendered on April 13, 1861. There wasn't any casualties. The Confederate forces won the Battle of Fort Sumter.
Battle of Shiloh (April 6, 1862~April 7, 1862)
The first Battle of Bull Run was the first major battle of the Civil War. The Union troops and the Confederate forces marched to a river called Bull Run and fought the first Battle of Bull Run. The rebels rallied and they were able to break the Union troops. The Confederate's victory gave the South confidence and shocked many people in the North.
Battle of Antietam (September 17, 1862)
The Battle of Ironclads changed the naval warfare forever. President Lincoln put a blockade on all of the Southern ports. The Southerners, Confederate navy, and the Americans built ships out of armor called Ironclads. The Union ship and Virginia's ship fought but nobody won because the canon balls just bounced off the ships.
Battle of Gettysburg (July 1~July 3, 1863)
The Battle of Shiloh was a big victory for the Union forces. Most of the troops that fought for the Union forces were inexperienced people. Johnston came across Grant and his troops so Johnston took his chance at surprising Grant and his troops and fired. Johnston was later in the battle shot by a bullet that hit an artery and Johnston bled out.
The Battle of Antietam was one of the most bloodiest one day battle of the Civil War. The Union forces were sent across Antietam Creek before the battle for an attempt to attack the Confederate's left side. The Union forces struck the center of the Confederate line to move some of their forces from West Woods. The battle ended with neither sides winning.
The Battle of Gettysburg was a turning point for the Civil War. General Lee had high spirits to begin a second invasion of the North. Although heavy losses the North held their defense and they ended Lee's attempt to invade the North. The battle ended in the Gettysburg Address and redefined the purpose of the Civil War.