logical fallacy 2
Updated: 2/4/2021
logical fallacy 2

Storyboard Text

  • FALSE AUTHORITY
  • What on Earth makes you think you can cheat on tests?
  • Johnny's been through high school and he said it's perfectly acceptable.
  • BANDWAGON FALLACY
  • How does your brother have any authority? He's just a teenage delinquent.
  • He doesn't, but almost everyone in my grade cheats, so why would it be wrong for me to cheat?
  • APPEAL TO NATURE
  • If your friends jumped off a bridge, would you too?
  • No, but this isn't the same thing. Cheating is a natural thing for kids to do in school in order to ensure they get good grades. How can it be a bad thing?
  • In this situation, the kid is trying to appeal to authority by stating that his brother believes cheating to be perfectly okay. Since his brother is likely not an expert on the subject, the kid's claim that cheating is acceptable does not hold water. The kid's use of this logical fallacy could be accidental, but it covers up the fact that he does not have evidence to support his claim regardless of whether it was intended or not.
  • PERSONAL INCREDULITY
  • It is bad. Really bad. You can get kicked out of college for doing it!
  • What? I've never heard that before. It must not be true.
  • Here, the kid is using the action of other people cheating to justify it as being something that is acceptable. However, the fact that other people cheat does not make cheating okay. Again, this could be unintentional, but it is ultimately the result of the kid not having anything to back up his argument with.
  • GAMBLER'S FALLACY
  • I wouldn't lie to you. Why can't you just understand that cheating is bad?
  • The kid is trying to use the concept that cheating is something that students are inclined to do to prove that it is natural, and therefore something that is good. Just because it might be considered a natural thing for students to do does not mean that it is good or okay. This is also a result of the kid trying to distract his mother from his not having any substantial evidence to support his claim.
  • SLIPPERY SLOPE
  • Well, you got caught this time. Don't cheat again. Your dad and I are taking away your Xbox privileges for the next two weeks.
  • The kid is using his lack of awareness regarding what his mother says to reason that she is lying in order to support her argument that cheating is bad. This is yet another tactic being used by the kid in order to distract from the fact that his argument is very weak. He is not willing to admit that he is fighting a losing battle.
  • The kid reasons that his failure to get caught for cheating in the past will make it less likely that he will be caught in the future, thinking that his history of getting away with cheating in the past will help him continue to get away with it. However, there is no linear connection between each of the times he escaped getting caught. He must have just been lucky, so this point of his does nothing to strengthen his argument.
  • I don't know. I mean, I've never gotten caught cheating before, so I figured that it would be okay for me to continue.
  • In a final last ditch attempt to save himself in the argument, the kid tries to prevent his Xbox privileges from being revoked by explaining all of the consequences that the revoking of his Xbox privileges would cause, ending with the idea that his entire life will be ruined. None of these outcomes logically follow each other, though, so this attempt at saving face is not effective.
  • Oh calm down! You'll be fine.
  • You can't do that! That's how I talk with my friends. If you don't let me on the Xbox then I won't be able to talk with them. They'll all abandon me and I'll become a social recluse. I'll lose all of my social skills and won't be able to get a job or a wife and my life will be over!!!