Native Americans have a right to the land in Georgia
Attempts to Assimilate
Cherokee Land is Valuable
I FOUND GOLD!!!!!
The Native Americans have a treaty with the government where they are legally allowed to be on their land and own it. They had a great relationship with the U.S. Government until Jackson came into office.
Indian Removal Act
The Government may force the Native Americans off of their land
When Jackson was trying to force them to leave the country, some tribes tried to adapt to the "white" culture and act more like a white civilization. They would attend schools, they would buy farms and act as if they were white without physically changing the color of their skin.
Worcester v. Georgia Supreme Court Case
Then one day, the tribe accidentally came across some gold that they had discovered. People started to go crazy and Jackson saw this as an opportunity since people were already starting to move into their territory, he could kick them off and claim the territory under the government.
Trail of Tears & Indian Territory
Jackson then got Congress to pass the Indian Removal Act. The act where Indians were to be removed off of their land and kicked out and forced to move west.
The Cherokee tribe thought this was outrageous since they had written documents saying they had a right to that land. He went to the Supreme Court to fight his case, and they ended up voting in his favor.
Even though, the Supreme Court agreed with the tribes, Jackson did not care. He went down to Georgia with armed forces and kicked the Indians out and sent them on the Trail of Tears to Oklahoma. Thousands died, and this scarred Jackson's presidency.