Industrial revolution

Industrial revolution

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  • Workers start new lives in cities
  • I hope my family pulls out of poverty after we get new jobs!
  • Laissez-Faire Capitalism 
  • Factory systems and inventions
  • Wow! so many new inventions!
  • Manufacturing was done in homes using simple tools and machines before advanced machines were invented that could produce large quantities of goods at factories. Many industries, such as the textile industry was transformed by industrialisation. Workers had a chance to leave their homes in rural areas in hopes of a better life as a factory worker in urban areas. Cities grew rapidly and increased labours. 
  • Horrible working conditions
  • The middle class is taking advantage of us! They are the only ones gaining. 
  • Shift from mercantilism to capitalism, or laissez-faire capitalism as an economic system refers to how the government doesn’t involve in the economy at all. It allowed individuals to control what they produced, how it was produced and who they were producing it for. This increased industries and the need of labours, resulting in bad working conditions for them since the government isn’t involved to enforce laws. This is based on private ownership, competition, free trade, self-reliance, self-interest, and the principles of supply and demand.
  • Socialist movements
  • Its time to change! Join the workers union!
  • The factory system involved the creation of mechanised forms of production as inventors sought ways to increase production. This led to the mass of production of goods and increase in population of cities as people move there in search for work. Many machines that improved production were mostly the Textile Industry, main industry that benefitted from the developments of the Industrial Revolution. For example, the spinning Jenny allowed many spindles of thread to be spun at one time. The water drama allowed over one hundred spindles of thread to be spun at a time. These required more labours. 
  • News laws - Factory acts
  • Lives of the poor and working classes were filled with challenges as very few government regulations were place to protect workers; business owners were allowed to exploit them in various ways. Their horrible working conditions were crowded and cramped workspaces, dirty and dangerous factory, poor wages, long hours of work, and a lack of basic healthcare, rights, and education. Children were also part of the labour force and were paid less than adults. 
  • My daughter died from being stuck in a machine. 
  • Out of the horrible working conditions of workers, socialist movements focussed on improving the lives and conditions for workers began. For example, Marxism and Utopian sought to stop exploitation of workers and to create more balance in society. The idea of labour unions where workers used unions to protest for shorter hours of work, higher wages, safe working conditions, basic education and healthcare became popular. 
  • Socialist movements achieved their goals, by pressuring the government to step in set regulations on aspects of industrial work.Factory Acts passed by the parliament was the first major legislation to place limits on child labour. These acts limited the number of hours that children could work and placed regulations on workplaces in terms of cleanliness and safety.  For example, by 1833, child labor was further regulated when it became illegal for children under 9 years old to work, and children over 13 were not allowed to work more than 9 hours a day.
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