The couple then settled in Montgomery, Alabama, were Martin became the pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church. Coretta and Martin decided to have a family of their own and had four children.Yolanda Denise King, Martin Luther King III, Dexter Scott King, and Bernice Albertine King.
One day on Dec.1, 1955, Rosa Parks, secretary of the Local Chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People refused to give up her seat to a white passenger on the Montgomery bus, and was arrested. Activitist coordinate a bus bus boycott that would continue for 381 days. However, it caused a severe economic strain on the public transportation system. They chose Martin to be their protest leader and official spokesman.
When the supreme court decided that colored people and white people were to be separated on buses, Martin and other started protesting against it and started to boycott it as well. Martin had also become a target for white supremacists. Sadly one had firebombed his house that January. After the boycotts success, in 1957 he and other civil rights activists founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). The Southern Christian Leadership Conference was a group committed to achieving full equality for African Americans.As the president of the SCLC, Martin traveled the world to give speeches to people about nonviolent protest and civil rights. He met religious figures, activist, and political leaders.
He also had the opportunity to meet family and followers of Ghandhi, the man Martin described as " the guiding light of our technique and nonviolent social change", in 1959 while in India. During this time, Martin authored many books. A while later, the Martin and his family moved to his native city, Atlanta. He joined is father as co-pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church. Martin was arrested on April 12, for involvement during he Birmingham campaign in 1963 . Later that year, the March on Washington was held on August 28. The event passed on as one of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Unfortunately, on April 4, 1964, Martin was shot on the balcony of a motel in Memphis and died. Because of him, people of all races are considered equal.
On August 28, Martin gave a speech called " I have a dream", and is most famous for it!