Phishing is a type of cyber security attack. It begins with an attacker and a target. The attacker's goal is to steal information from the target using bait.
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The most common forms of bait are emails or instant messages, directing the target to a fake website, where their personal information (such as credit card information) is stolen.
If the bait (email or text message) looks legitimate enough, the target may bite it
When the target opens the email, it may give them a link to a fake website. This link, when clicked, might install harmful software on their computer or reveal their personal information. In other cases, fake contests or scenarios might trick the target into giving away personal information.
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However, phishing can be combated by changing your password often, and downloading spam filters.
When the attacker receives this information, they may use it to purchase items and even steal the target's identity.