Battle of Germantown

Battle of Germantown

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  • Group left will stay here and group right will move on to Germantown.
  • Flank and attack each other from multiple directions.
  • Destroy the enemy detachment with a double envelopment.
  • On September 26, 1777, William Howe left 3,462 men to defend Philadelphia and moved 9,728 men to Germantown, determined to locate and destroy the American forces. Washington saw an opportunity to confront the British in surprise.
  • Oh no, the British have seen us!
  • On October 3, 1777, the Americans had advanced on the British and the Hessians, without them knowing. Their plan was to divide to attack, but the darkness made communication difficult. 
  • Both the Americans and British strategy was to flank and attack each other from multiple directions, and George Washington’s plan was to destroy the enemy detachment with a double envelopment. The militia controlled by General William Smallwood would target the British extreme rear, and General John Sullivan would attack with the main force while General Nathanael Greene attacked on the flank. 
  • General James GrantGeneral, Wilhelm von Knyphausen, youll lead.
  • On October 4, 1777, the Americans arrived, at dawn, at Germantown, but weren't in their correct military positions. This had caused they too loose the element of surprise. 
  • On October 4, 1777 a thick fog had clouded the battlefield during the day, and an American had launched the battle when they opened fire on the British pickets of light infantry as the sun rose around 5:00 am. The British pickets had resisted the American advance by firing their guns in alarm, but William Howe marched forward thinking they were being attacked by foraging or skirmishing parties.
  • British General Sir William Howe positioned two brigades under General James Grant, and a contingent of Hessians troops commanded by General Wilhelm von Knyphausen in Germantown, which totaled 9,000 men. George Washington commanded an army of 8,000 continentals and 3,000 militiamen.
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