Rome is located in Italy and was established in the 8th century B.C. Rome is a Peninsula because it is surrounded by three sides of major oceans. These oceans include the Tyrrhenian and Adriatic seas.
Influence of Etruscan Sports
Romulus and Remus were twin brothers. They were abandoned by their parents as babies and put into a basket that was then placed into the River Tiber. The basket ran aground and the twins were discovered by a female wolf. The wolf nursed the babies for a short time before they were found by a shepherd. The shepherd then brought up the twins. When Romulus and Remus became adults, they decided to found a city where the wolf had found them. The brothers quarrelled over where the site should be and Remus was killed by his brother. This left Romulus the sole founder of the new city and he gave his name to it – Rome.
Influence of Greek Architecture
Two important structures the Romans adapted from the Etruscans were then arch and cuniculus. A cuniculus was a long underground trench connected by vertical shafts to the ground above. Etruscans used these trenches to irrigate land, to drain swamps, and to distribute water to their cities. Etruscan arches rested on two pillars, which supported a half-circle of wedge-shaped stones. A keystone in the center held the other stones of the arch tightly in place.
Influence of Greek Art, Religion and Writing
Romans also adapted two bloody Etruscan sporting events. The first was slave fighting. The Etruscan custom was to stage slave fights during funerals. Two slaves of the dead master fought to the death with swords and small shields. After being congratulated, the winner was executed. Etruscan spectators also enjoyed watching chariot races.The charioteers, or drivers, were strapped to their chariots. If a chariot overturned, they could be dragged under the chariot's wheels or trampled by the horses. These fierce competitions often resulted in injury or death.
Greek architecture was one important influence on the Romans. The Greeks constructed marble temples as homes for their gods. Temples like the Parthenon had stately columns that added to their beauty. The Romans used Greek designs int heir own public buildings. Eventually, they learned to use concrete to create even larger structures, such as the Pantheon in Rome. The Romans also used concrete to build huge stadiums like the Colosseum, where gladiators fought. The Circus Maximus, where people watched chariot races, could seat more than 200,000 spectators.
Roman artists also created a lively and realistic style of their own. Greek artists often tried to replicate an ideal, or perfect, human being or god. As Rome's power increased, much of Roman art celebrated great leaders and events. Roman sculptors became especially skilled in creating lifelike portraits such as realistic busts, or statues showing the Roman artists also created a lively and realistic style of their own. Greek artists often tried to replicate an ideal, or perfect, human being or god. As Rome's power increased, much of Roman art celebrated great leaders and events. Roman sculptors became especially skilled in creating lifelike portraits such as realistic busts, or statues showing the subject's head and shoulders. They also carved life-sized statues of famous military leaders. The statues often seemed just as powerful as the leaders themselves. The Greek influence on Roman painting and sculpture was so great that historians speak of “Greco-Roman art.” Wealthy Romans often collected Greek art and built monuments in a Greek style. Roman sculptors and painters used Greek art as models for their own work. The Romans also carved inscriptions in walls and columns for all to see. The Greeks carved important documents, such as laws and treaties, into bronze or stone plaques, some of which were displayed in the public squares. Like the Greeks, the. Romans wrote in all capital letters. The Greek and Roman alphabets had many similarities.The Romans adapted many of the Greek gods as their own, but they gave them Roman names. The mightiest Greek god, Zeus, became Jupiter. Aphrodite, the goddess of love, became Venus. Ares, the god of war, became Mars. The early Romans had their own gods and rituals, but their ideas about the gods evolved as they interacted with other cultures. When the Romans encountered a similar god from another culture, they blended that god's characteristics with those of their own. The Greeks worshiped a number of gods and goddesses.who governed every part of Greek life. The Greeks performed rituals and sacrifices to gain the gods' favor for everything from a good harvest to curing the sick.