Although this court case seemed to only affect a single black man, it was the message that it sent across the country. It showed that African Americans were not protected under the Constitution and so did not have any rights.
Election of 1860
John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry was the first true armed attack on the slavery movement. Brown himself believed that the abolitionist movement was too passive and ineffective for getting rid of slavery. Instead, he went to more radical measures by killing slave owners and murdering them in their homes.
Compromise of 1850
Kansas was a melting pot of slave owners and abolitionists, but not in a good way. Armed conflicts arose for almost eight years where a battle of ideologies occurred. This settling of the Kansas territory increased tension between the North and the South.
Secession of South Carolina
No more Union! We love slavery!
During this election, Abraham Lincoln defeated Democrat opponent John C. Breckinridge. This is especially important in that Lincoln was a moderate in terms of abolitionism. This further increased tension between the North and the South as the Union's president was now a Northerner.
California was a slave-free state, and the Fugitive Slave Act was amended, which made it less "intense". Furthermore, this compromise abolished slavery in Washington D.C., which was important in that now the capital was officially slave-free.
We will amend the Fugitive Slave Act, and abolish slavery in Washington!
The secession of South Carolina elevated conflict between the South and the North as it showed that states were willing to leave the nation due to ideological differences. This leads to a domino effect, where the North and the South divide officially.