California want to be in as a free state, since they have no slaves, this again, disrupt the power of Congress between free states and the slave state.
In order to keep both side happy, Henry Clay propose to compromise. First he made California a free state.
But he add in The fugitive slave act, a law that concerned runway slaves in the United State. It required federal involvement for runways in northern states. The law was made to protect southern slave owners. It also overturned the Missouri Compromise it left slavery unsettled.
This is our land, boy!
In the Mexican and Utah territories, people would decide whether to be slave or free state, popular sovereignty.
It also ended slave trade in Washington D.C
And it settled border dispute between Texas and New Mexico.