The story of how Buddhism Began
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The Birth of Prince Siddartha
Discovering Three Types of Suffering
The Fourth Trip
Prince Siddhartha was born in the northern part of India, near the Himalaya Mountains. One night before Prince Siddartha was born his mother had a strange dream, in the dream she was carried high over the Himalayas to a silver mountain and set on a silver couch, a white elephant with six tusks struck her right side. This dream meant that he could rule the universe or he would leave his royal life to see the suffering of the world and become a Buddha.
Becoming an ascetic
After Siddhartha became a father the king gave him more freedom to go outside the royal palaces. So Siddartha took three trips outside of his royal life, on the first trip he discovered the suffering of aging, on the second trip he discovered the suffering of sickness, and on the third trip, he discovered the suffering of death.
Becoming a Buddha and Starting Buddhism
Siddartha was unable to sit at his palace with his thoughts of suffering, so he set out for a fourth trip. On this trip, he met a man with inner peace and calm. This man was an ascetic. Siddhartha wanted to be like him. But to become an ascetic you must give up your worldly possessions.
The Teachings of Buddhism
So Siddhartha told his driver to take him to the deep dark forests. The only things he took with him in this forest were a simple robe and a bowl for alms. As Siddhartha wandered the forests and fields he met other ascetics. They denied their bodies basic needs like sleep, food, and shelter. Eventually, Siddhartha became unhappy with this way of living. And he had not found enlightenment yet. Siddhartha decided to balance himself between pain and pleasure. He sought a middle way. On Siddhartha's 35th birthday he had a strong feeling that he would soon become enlightened. Siddhartha walked until he reached a tree that would soon be known as the bodhi tree. He sat down under this tree until he reached enlightenment. He meditated for a very long time.
Eventually, Siddhartha saw how to be free of the rebirth cycle and so call end suffering. Siddhartha had become a Buddha and had reached enlightenment. The Buddha had learned Four Noble Truths under the Bodhi tree. Later on, Siddhartha used these truths to found Buddhism, which was founded in India. The Buddha spent the rest of his life trying to teach the people of India the Four Noble Truths.
Siddahartha taught people the eightfold path. The eightfold path consists of the right understanding, which is to Deeply understand the Four Noble Truths. Right purpose, which is to live a life of selflessness. Right speech, which is to be careful and truthful in what you say. Right action, which is to not kill, steal, or lie. The right way to earn a living, which is to not work at a job that causes harm to people or living creatures. Right effort, which is to promote good actions. Right mindfulness, which is to be aware of but not attached to your feelings or emotions. And Right concentration, which is to focus your mind on practices such as meditation.
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