The Greeks from Ionia revolted against the Persians who had conquered the area. Greeks from Athens were sent and helped the Ionians revolt. The Persians were angry and did not like being challenged by small city states so they planned to Invade Athens
We will defend this mountain pass with our lives
We will fight to get to the other side!!
The Persians attacked on the coast and outnumbered the Greeks. The Greeks were well trained though and won the battle. The Persians lost over 6000 men and the Athenians only lost around 200 troops.
Look everyone, we can just go this way
We are the Spartans and we will still stand in your way
Pheidippides is the one who ran from the battle of Marathon all the way back to Athens to tell everyone not to give up and to keep fighting because the Greeks had just won the battle over the Persians at Marathon.
Oh No! They're sinking our ships!
7000 Greeks defended the mountain as the Persians tried to advance, the Greeks blocked the path of Xerxes who was leading the Persians.
The Persians discovered a way around the mountain pass to avoid the Greek troops. The Spartan troops that were fighting stayed and sacrificed themselves to hold off the Persians. This impressed the Athenians greatly and gave them courage.
The Persian boats were cramped in tight water spaces in a channel near Salamis, this made it easy for the small easy to maneuver Greek boats to destroy the Persian ships.