In March 1917, women textile workers led a city wide strike. At first the soldiers obeyed orders and shot them. The local protest exploded into a general uprising. It forced Nicholas II to abdicate his throne. Later Nicholas and his family were executed.
Lenin Restores Order
Lenin and Bolshevik gained control of most of the soviets in major cities of Russia. In Nov. 1917 without warning armed factory workers stormed the winter palace and easily took over the government. They called themselves the Bolsheviks Red Guards.
New Economic Policy
The Red and Whites started fighting each other. The Whites wanted democracy and the Reds didn't. Leon Trotsky commanded the Bolshevik Red Army. Around 14 million died in the three year struggle. Then a worldwide flu epidemic left russia in chaos.
War and Revolution destroyed russian economy. Trade was at a stand still. Industrial production dropped, and many skilled workers fled to other countries. Lenin turned to reviving the economy and restructuring the government.
Lenin restored a small scale version of capitalism called the New Economic Policy. The government kept control of major businesses but allowed some small businesses to be ran privately. Government encouraged foreign investment.
The Bolsheviks renamed their party the Communist Party. Lenin established a dictatorship of the Communist party. As economic production and the new governmental structure stabilized, the communist movement began to grow worldwide as a result of Russia's early success under Lenin's control.