Well, the Court upheld the constitutionality of mandatory drug testing by public schools of students participating in extracurricular activities.
What was the importance of the Earls case, do you think?
This case gives way to butting in on students' personal well-being and persuades other schools to do the same. This practice is ongoing in American schools.
Are there any lasting effects of this case?
Five votes went toward the School Board from the Supreme Court Justices, while the defendants received just four! O'Connor believes the case was wrongly decided, as does Ginsburg, who felt the drug tests only applied to student-athletes.
My personal opinion of the verdict is that the district should at least have a valid reason, like high drug consumption from Tecumseh students with valid evidence, instead of it being required, like a physical exam. The case allowed schools to change their policies.
Vernonia School District 47J v. Acton (1995) The school board of Vernonia, Oregon instituted a drug-testing policy for student athletes in 1989. The policy focused on student-athletes because they were seen as “leaders of the drug culture” at their high school and because there were concerns that drug use would increase the risk of sports-related injuries.
SIMILARITIES Both cases were said to not violate the Fourth Amendment's prohibition of unreasonable searches and seizures.