This poem is a letter or conversation of a mother to a son. The tone is sincere and thoughtful. The title shows that it is an important message from one loved one, to the other.
A - Attitude
In stanza 1-4 the mothers life has not been easy, and has been hard. In stanza 5-9 the mothers life has been through a lot. In stanza 10-14 she lives through her life with all the hard and dark times. In stanza 15-20 she never gave up and she was determined.
S - Shift
"Crystal Stair" has a positive connotation and tries to portray life in a happy manner. The "tacks" represent the harships in life and have a negative connotation. The words "dark and light" refrerrs to the good and the bad times. This poem uses a variety of metaphors.
T - Theme
The poets attitude is that life is not alyway seasy but stay determined. The subject of this topic is about life and all of the ups and downs it has. The poets attitude is optimistic and inspired
There is no shift in time, attitude, towards the reader
He is trying to convey that life has its ups and dwons, but you should never give up and always stay positive.