The Rocky Mountain region contains most of Utah's mountains. It's our main source of water so it's very important.
Due to runoff from the mountains, the Great Basin region is where most towns in Utah are located. The Great Basin is very dry and is a desert.
The last region is the Colorado Plateau. This region contains all 5 of Utah's national parks. There are all sorts of formations there. Like arches or even native american artifacts!
Speaking of Native Americans, there were five different tribes in Utah. Some tribes were very similar to each other.
Two more tribes were the Goshute and Paiute tribes. They lived in the Great Basin desert region. for food they had to hunt and scavenge for small animals. They built wiki-ups as shelter.
The first two tribes are the Ute and Shoshone. They lived in the Rocky Mountain region. For food they hunted large animals. They built tepees for shelter.
Finally we have the Navajo tribe. They lived in the four corners, which is in the Colorado Plateau region. They raised sheep for wool and food. They built hogans for shelter.
People started coming to Utah to explore or teach or things like that.
One of those mountain men was Jim Bridger. He was the creator of Fort Bridger.
Mountain men came along to map Utah. They had both positive and negative impacts with the Native Americans.
Father Escalante was the first man other than the Native Americans to go to Utah. He had a friendly relationship with the Native Americans.
Another mountain man was Jedidiah Smith. He lost his ear to a bear.
They used a grid system, and used numbers for the names of the streets. They also had wide roads so they could easily turn their wagons around. They also used irrigation . Their farms were surrounded by poplar trees.
Soon Mormon Pioneers arrived in Utah. The way they set up their towns was different than most.
The Mormon Pioneers came from New York and arrived in Utah to start a new life.
In 1863, the transcontinental railroad was finished. This brought in many immigrants.
Many different cultural groups came in including Greek, Chinese, and Italian groups. They came for the work opportunities.
The second major issue was unfair economics. The members of the Church would all vote for whatever their leader told them to. Which was very unfair for everyone else.
Third, there was a lot of Native American conflict with the Mormons. The Government couldn't have the people in a State fighting against each other.
Utah had a huge struggle for statehood. Utah was denied statehood 6 different times because of four major things they needed to fix.
Finally, there was a lack in separation of church and state. The courts were unfair for everyone. Mormons wanted school to be religious and paid for. And Mormon leaders were also Utah leaders.
The first major issue was polygamy. Polygamy is the practice of having more than one wife. The Government thought the Mormons were forcing the women against their will. Which was false.
Utah's Court System upholds the law.
The Utah State Legislator makes the laws.
Utah became a State in 1896 after finally overcoming all the roadblocks that kept them from becoming a State.
The Governor enforces the law.
Utah was a microcosm of the U.S., which meant what happened to the U.S. happened to Utah on a smaller scale.
During the great depression, Utah's economy fell greatly, just as the U.S.'s did.
Utah sent many soldiers to battle during the World Wars.
There are four different important industries in Utah. Over time, each one has changed.
Now, tourism is Utah's main industry.
At first, Utah was focused on agriculture and mining.
The four major industries are agriculture, mining, technology, and tourism.
Though during the Cold War, technology became the prime focus.
Utah is one of the fastest growing states!
Now Utah has a mixed culture. Many people with different cultures live here. And they are all allowed to do what their culture stands for.
At first, most different cultural groups were discriminated. But now, everyone is equal.