Ever since Mao Zedong came into power in 1949, life has been weary and some things have worked, some things didn't. Many people lost their jobs and became peasants. Mao wanted something modern though, he needed the kids of China to help him. These kids were called the Red Guards. Mao gave these kids freedom and he let them do whatever they wanted. Although this did not work out well.
This is Li Li and Jun Kang. These two kids are Mao Zedong supporters. They love him and praise him as a god.
Mao made them feel free so they wanted to become red guards. They started reading the little red book.
More kids wanted to be red guards so in schools they all read the little red books.
Back to Jian, he wasn't doing anything during the cultrual revolution.