President Lincoln said the 272 word, Gettysburg Address on a battlefield near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. This was four and a half months after the Union armies defeated the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg. November 19th, 1863
Assassination of Lincoln
(Union) General William T. Sherman led 60,000 soldiers on a 285-mile march from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia. The purpose- frighten Georgians into abandoning the Confederate cause. His soldiers did not destroy any of the towns in their path, but they stole food and livestock, and burned the houses/ barns of people who tried to fight back. He was most likely inspired to keep fighting- Gettysburg Address. November 15th-December 21st, 1864.
Near the town of Appomattox Court House, Virginia, General Robert E. Lee surrendered his Army to General Ulysses S. Grant. Lee's goal was to rally the parts left of defeated troops, meet reinforcements in NC, and resume fighting (probably wanted more people on his side). The resulting Battle of Appomattox Court House, which lasted a few hours, brought the four-year civil war to an end - they made terms of the surrender and officially surrendered. April 9th, 1865.
John Wilkes Booth (famous actor & Confederate sympathizer) assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C. by shooting him in the back of the head before the play had started. This happened only five days after General Robert E. Lee surrendered his army (at Appomattox Court House, Virginia). This ended the civil war very effectively. April 14th, 1865.