The Fifth Amendment had three parts to it: It prevents people from having to incriminate themselves, it prohibits double jeopardy--being tried for the same crime twice--and it prevents the government from seizing your property without compensation.
You have the right to remain silent.
The Sixth Amendment guarantees the right to a lawyer and a speedy trial.
I'm representing the defendant.
The Seventh Amendment guarantees the right to a trial by jury, and also prohibits the court from overturning a jury's decision.
The Eighth Amendment prohibits any cruel or unusual punishment, as well as overly-expensive bail.
All I did was jaywalk and they threw me in prison for life!
The Ninth Amendment states that there are rights that people have that aren't listed in the Constitution.
Are these the only rights I have...?
All right, let's see what I can do!
The Tenth Amendment states that any powers not delegated to the federal government will be left up to the states.