The Reconquista (Portuguese and Spanish for "reconquest") was the period in the history of the Iberian Peninsula of about 780 years between the Omayyad conquest of Hispania in 711 and the fall of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada to the expanding Christian kingdoms in 1492.
LA RECONQUISTA ESPAÑOLA P 2
The Spanish Inquisition was established in 1478 by Ferdinand and Isabella to maintain Catholic orthodoxy in their kingdoms and was under the direct control of the Spanish monarchy. It was not definitively abolished until 1834, during the reign of Isabel II.
LA Inquisición Española
It was a trip of political-scientific exploration that went around the world, in order to visit Spanish territories in America and Asia, as well as many other lands, collecting anthropological, geographical, biological (flora and fauna), as well as political information.