The beginning of crude oil formation happened millions of years ago.
Oil is a fossil fuel that has been formed from a large amount of tiny plants and animals such as algae and zooplankton.
These organisms fall to the bottom of the sea once they die, and over time, get trapped under multiple layers of sand and mud. As time goes by, heat and pressure begin to rise as the organisms get buried deeper and deeper below the surface.
The amount of pressure, heat and the type of organism, determines if the organisms will become natural gas or oil. The more heat, the lighter the oil.FACT: Oil is pumped using a pumpjack. A Pumpjack is used to lift oil out of a well if there is not enough pressure for the oil to get to the surface.
Oil is used to make a number of products including plastics, petroleum, gasoline, diesel fuel and natural gas. Because it is not sustainable or renewable, oil reserves will run out eventually. This is why research into renewable energy sources is so important. It is the product that developed countries depend upon most.
The fight to control the world's oil reserves centers around wealth and power. Iraq invaded Kuwait in order to claim its oil reserves, and this was the beginning of the Gulf and Iraq Wars. Countries that are not members of OPEC, seek to maintain control of their oil reserves. There is also ongoing competition over shipping lanes and pipelines, and resource scarcity amongst consumers of oil.
Most conflicts can be resolved with mediation or negotiation, but the conflict over oil seems to come down over people’s need, as well as greed, amongst the world’s leaders. Because the world is so dependent on oil for energy, and day to day products, conflict between those countries that produce oil, and the countries that consume oil remain inevitable. However, because oil is a fossil fuel, and not a renewable resource, the world will have to start collectively looking toward renewable energy to maintain its way of life. Oil and its discovery has contributed to the advancement of civilization, and making life easier. But, we will have to develop new innovations in order for there to be peace surrounding this unsustainable resource.