September 13, 1848, Cavendish, Vermont, A horrible blasting accident sends a tamping iron through Phineas Gage's head. Somehow, he remained conscious.
After getting back to a house after about 30 minutes, Gage sat there for a time before a doctor came and was greeted with "one of the great understatements of medical history".
After the convincing the doctor that something did go through his head. They talked and Gage proceeded to vomit some brain. For the treatment, the doctor removed anything that could worsen his condition, He put bone back in the skull and put adhesive on the pieces. He then put a nightcap on Gage's head to keep everything in place.
After a long 10 week recovery, Gage was able to head home to Lebanon, New Hampshire. After about 8 months he was able to do farmwork and his mental health was better. In April 1849, his doctor noticed that he couldn't see and that it was possible to see the brain. Despite this, he had no pain in his head and he felt fine.
After Gage fully healed, He spent some time in New England and New York being quote "A real life museum exhibit". After getting bored and stressed. He moved to Chile to become a stagecoach driver. Once Gage's health began to decline in mid-1859 he moved to San Francisco, and, by February 1860, he started experiencing epileptic seizures.
On May 18th, Gage experienced severe convulsions and it was decided that it was a good idea to bleed him out. On May 21st, 1860, Phineas Gage died and was buried at the Lone Mountain Cemetery in San Francisco.