Mesopotamia is a Greek word that means the “land between the rivers.”
the two main rivers of the Fertile Crescent are the Tigris in Iraq.
One of the areas that had good conditions for growing crops was the foothills of the Zagros Mountains in northern Mesopotamia.
farmers in the Zagros foothills did not have enough land to grow food for the increasing population. the people suffered from food shortages.
During most of the year, the land was very hard and dry. And the plains lacked trees and stones for making shelters and tools.
In the spring, both of the rivers flooded, bringing precious water to the land.
The farmers would clean them all the time because one clogged canal could ruin the enitre city.
The irrigation system passed through a number of villages as it carried water from the river to the fields. The system needed constant care and repair. Canals became clogged with silt. Insert Link Insert Image Insert Video Help Insert ParagraphUndoes the last commandRedoes the last commandTabUntabSet a bold styleSet a italic styleSet a underline styleSet a strikethrough styleClean a styleSet left alignSet center alignSet right alignSet full alignToggle unordered listToggle ordered listOutdent on current paragraphIndent on current paragraphChange current block's format as a paragraph(P tag)Change current block's format as H1Change current block's format as H2Change current block's format as H3Change current block's format as H4Change current block's format as H5Change current block's format as H6Insert horizontal ruleShow Link Dialog Summernote 0.8.11 · Project · Issues
As Sumerian cities grew, they fought over the right to use more water.
Sometimes, people in cities went upriver and built new canals, or blocked other cities' canals.
The system crossed village boundaries, so the Sumerians had to cooperate with one another.
In conclusion they kind of lived a happily ever after!
To control the water supply, Sumerians built a complex irrigation system.