The French Revolution lasted from 1789 to 1799. France was a very rich country, until the French and Indian War.
Louis XVI calls a meeting called the Estates-General. He reverts to the old rules of the meeting. The royal family, the nobles, and the peasants, each have 1/3 representation. This gives the advantage to the higher classes because they can side together.
Declaration of The Rights of Man
Freedom of Speech and Religion
The peasants are angry that they do not get more representation, and swear the Oath of the Tennis Court, which made them promise to write a new Constitution for France. Then, they called themselves the National Assembly.
Bastille is a prison. The angry French people broke in, stole weapons, let the prisoners out and lit the place on fire
The National Assembly wrote a constitution for France called The Declaration of The Rights of Man. That had many Enlightenment philosophies, including natural rights, freedom of religion and speech, and the social contract.
King Louis saw the commotion and became very intimidated by the enraged peasants. He tried to secretly flee from Paris to Germany, but his carriage was caught near the border. He was convicted a traitor, and the people voted for him to be executed.