The battle of Saratoga was very important in the United States becoming its own country. It persuaded the French that the U.S. could beat the British, so the French joined the war and helped the Americans win.
Valley Forge was very important. It tested the men's faith to this revolution that stayed there. They had almost no food, and barely any shelter for the cold Pensilvania winter. This was important because after this winter Washigton had way less troops then he did when he first came.
Thomas Paine was a very influntiul writer in the 1700s. He wrote a book called "American Crisis" that told how"these are the times that try mens souls". He wrote a entire book about what America would have to do to win this war.
Foreign aid was very important to the U.S. in this war. It ranged from money to supplies to at the end was troops. Some countries that gave include France, Mexico, and Spain.
Families were very much affected by the war. Children would have to go without dads, brothers, uncles. And the women would have to take care of the of there family, while also in some cases running business.
Loyalists were not treated well at all. If they didn't leave then they were shunned, victims of violence, and in rare cases killed. I do believe that some of the things that the Americans did were okay, like shunning, and kind of violence. I believe that it is okay because it is war and the enemy is your neighbor, so it's okay to shun them, but not kill them.