I am FURIOUS!! I should have gotten a letter. This is all James Madison's fault!!!!
John Adams signs the Judiciary Act of 1801, which created new judgeships.
James Madison should have delivered the commission to William Marbury.
President Adams tried to fill the vacancies prior to the end of his term by having James Madison send out many commissions to politicians Adams thought would do the job well, but about fourteen of them were unsuccessfully delivered by Madison.
One of the appointees, William Marbury, who was supposed to get a commission sued James Madison, Secretary of State out of fury and anger. He did this because he believed he should have gotten a letter.
Marshall knew that if Marbury won the case, the Jefferson Administration would ignore it. Marshall stated that James Madison should have delivered the commission to Marbury.
Although Marshall stated that James Madison should have delivered the commission to Marbury, he was still denied his letter. This pleased Thomas Jefferson.
The Supreme Court ended up declaring this act of congress unconstitutional. After all, the Supreme Court IS the final interpreter of all laws.