Longhorns were very important to the Texas cattle industry. While the Civil War raged on, soldiers needed food, but all confederate states were closed off from trade. Because of this, by the end of the war, there was about 5 million cattle in the state of Texas, though most were unclaimed by their owners. This caused the cattle industry to grow rapidly throughout the state.
The Cattle Kingdom
Life in the oil fields was rough. Boomtowns were usually very crowded and dirty, which resulted in women and their children staying out while their husband stays to work. The workers sometimes even lived in tents or small wooden houses. To serve the population, stores opened, and many of them were for drinking or gambling. This made boomtowns very dangerous places to live.
Oh no! Spindletop is all dried up! We're doomed!
Railroads are overall better than other transportation methods. They are faster than horses and can carry several thousands of pounds. So transporting goods and supplies was made significantly easier.
Railroads and Farming
With all this cotton, I'll be rich! But it will take forever to pick.
The Spanish came up with the idea of a practice that is still used today, cattle branding. American and Spanish cattle ranchers would have disputes of what cattle was whos, so the Spanish came up with idea to brand their cows with their own Identification marks. They also staged the first cattle drives in the state, some of this cattle served as food for the Spanish and American armies.
Yes! I made the first cattle drive! ¡Estoy tan feliz!
When Spindletop blew, many companies began to drill near it, this caused the oil in that area to deplete rapidly. This, naturally, caused the prices to rise once again, this allowed many companies to make profit fast. The companies that survived the depletion of oil became very important to economy of Texas.
Since cotton brought larger profits, people began farming only cotton. Railroads were another factor, since they were cheap ways to transport goods. Lastly, cottonseed was used in a lot of products all around the country.