Towards the end of the 1800s, Russia and Japan were competing for control of Korea and Manchuria. Both nations signed peace treaties to prevent wars, however, Russia broke them. The Japanese defeated Russia in war at Manchuria in 1904.
I call upon all the Soviets!OVERTHROW THE PROVISIONAL GOVERNMENT!
On January 22, 1905, a group of factory workers went to see Czar Nicholas II. They wanted better working conditions and higher wages. However, the czar was not in at the time, so the soldiers decided to fire on the unsuspecting crowd, killing many peasants.
THE WHITE ARMY
THE RED ARMY
On February 23, 1917, women factory workers were angry about the food shortages. They called upon all the men in factories to help them with a revolution. Nicholas II decided, in order to fix this, he would disband the Duma. The Duma would not disband, so since the czar had lost all control, he gave up power.
STALIN VS. TROTSKY
Me and all my supporters have hereby decided that you need to leave the communist party. Goodbye Trotsky.
When Vladimir Lenin returned to Russia he called for all the soviets to help him overthrow the Provisional Government that took over for the czar. The Provisional Government ended up surrendering on October 25, 1917, and on October 26, 1917, Lenin became the head of the Congress of Soviets.
The Russian Civil War lasted for three years after Lenin forced the New National Assembly to disband. In the Civil War, the White Army were the anti-communists, and the Red Army were the communists. The White Army was hopelessly weak, which lead to their defeat. By 1922 the Red Army had turned Russia into the Soviet Union.
Stalin and Trotsky took over for Lenin once he had passed. Stalin decided to appoint his friends as other leaders to gain power for and he moved Trotsky's followers to other places. Stalin begins to manipulate people into thinking Trotsky is a traitor and Trotsky gets banned from the communist party. Stalin then started a purge and murdered 680,000 people.