Light is made up of all the colors in the rainbow!
Galileo was a Scientist in the 1500s-1600s that studied the earth around him. Using the telescope he was the first to study the motion and observe of the universe. He stated that all objects fall at the same speed and Laws of physics apply equally across the universe. He was called to the church to reaffirm the churches teachings because his teachings were against the churches' teachings
He stated that in a theory this is how you prove it to be right or wrong. Begin with a question. Form a hypothesis that is then tested through experimentation. Then Analyze the data to reach a conclusion. He served attorney general and Lord Chancellor of England. His father, Sir Nicolas Bacon, was Lord Keeper of the Seal. His theories began to have a major influence on the evolving field of 17th-century European Science.
Church back then
Sir Isaac Newton was a physicist and mathematician who developed the principles of modern physics. He made discoveries of optics, motion, and mathematics. Newton theorized that white light was a composite of all colors of the spectrum, and that light was composed of particles. Along with mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz, Newton is credited for developing essential theories of calculus.
Copernicus developed his own celestial model of a heliocentric planetary system. Though his theory was viewed as revolutionary and met with controversy, Copernicus was not the first astronomer to propose a heliocentric system. The Heliocentrism theory was that the sun is in the middle of the solar system and all of the planets revolve around it.
Georg Joachim Rheticus gave Copernicus with a copy of a newly published De revolutionibus orbium coelestium. Suffering the aftermath of a recent stroke, Copernicus was said to have been clutching the book when he died in his bed.
The church had different teachings then science had back then which meant they had to change science for the bible is by god and the bible had not to be changed because they believed in Divine right and Enlightenment.
Science back then was limited because of lack of tools but now we've grown and have more intelligence and so have more technology to study the universe. We do still believe in Divine right because god created us and everything.