Quebec continued to develop throughout the 20th century. This was especially true after the war when the middle class began seeking professions in business while more youth started pursuing higher education. It was clear that the province was shifting politically and becoming less conservative. These changes contributed to a want for reform.
This history led to a range of how Quebecers interpreted Quebec nationalism. Many \believe that the federal government needed to have more special considerations for French Canadians. Some others believe that social change could only be achieved through seperation.
In the results of 1995 Quebec Referendum this difference was put on display. Roughly 51% voted to stay in Canada while 49% voted to leave. This lead to the federal government to take further steps to recognize Quebec as the distinct society that it is and give it special considerations.
French Canada had its start as a distinct entity in the 1700's and developed separately from the rest of Canada in the centuries that followed. Quebecers want to protect their language and culture from assimilation and for many, that means leaving Canada.