With the weakening of the Ming Dynasty by inept rulers,the Manchus were able to easily take control of China. They crossed the great wall and invaded and conquered China in 1644. They soon took control of the Chinese capital of Beijing and declared the start of Qing Dynasty.
Some changes did occur in societal rights, and natural Chinese citizens were forced to wear their hair in a braid, or queue, to identify them.
Emperors Kangxi and Qianlong strengthened the empire by expanding it, reducing taxes, and increasing the dynasty's wealth by increasing farming and trade . Lord McCartney brought British goods to China for trade in 1763 and Qing leaders opened their ports to more European influence, including Jesuits spreading Christianity.
Art flourished under Qing including painting, sculpture and porcelain. Also silks with hand-painted artwork became a popular skill in Qing China.
In the 1800's , the British began selling Opium in China, which became later illegal after many Chinese were addicted to the drug. Therefore, after the British kept selling the drug, the Chinese boarded British ships and dumped their opium into the ocean and war broke out. With the help of the British ships, Britain defeated China in both Opium Wars.
In the early 1900's, the Qing Dynasty began to breakup. Lots of natural disasters, war against Japan, and internal rebellions all led to famine and a poor economy. Finally, in 1911, a group of revolutionaries overthrew the Qing government, and in 1912, the last emperor, a six-year-old boy named Puyi, officially gave up his throne, and the Republic of China took over.